It is very important to forgive each other with relatives, neighbours, business environments etc. against the risk of rightful dues.
Before going on the journey for Hajj, it is very important to recite Istighfar-i Sharif (praying for forgiveness) to be free of our sins.
Since we will visit the Prophet on the journey of Hajj, it is necessary to recite lots of Salavat al Sharifah as a gift in order not to go empty-handed.
In addition, it will be useful to recite the surahs such as Yasin al Sharif, Ihlas al Sharif etc. before going on a journey of Hajj in order to prepare spiritually.
Before going on the blessed journey for Hajj, it would be useful to perform supererogatory prayers such as tesbih prayer, Duha, Awwabin and Tahajjud prayers.
If you do not know how to read the Holy Quran it would be useful to learn it before going on the journey of Hajj. You can call your group teacher to learn the Quran.
You must attend the seminars held your company before going on the journey of Hajj. For seminar dates, you can get information from your group teacher or our phone number 444 59 60.
Meet your group teacher at the Hajj seninar and do not forget to take his Saudi phone number. If can’t take it you can get information through our phone number 444 59 60.
Do not forget to take the materials such as ihram, slippers, waist belt etc. that you are told in the seminars , that you will need on the journey of Hajj.
It is very important to go on the Hajj journey without sleeping on the plane or the bus and having ablution if possible. For that reason, rest well on the day of the journey.
It would be appropriate to step on the Blessed lands having the major ablution by performing a ritual ablution of the whole body before going on the Hajj journey if possible.
It is important to reduce fluid consumption 24 hours earlier before you go, so that you will not suffer urination problem on the road.
Let’s never forget the Hadith al Sharif ”Hajj is toil”.
Go to the family physician or the nearest health facility before going on the Hajj journey and go through a health check-up and take the medicines you need with you if there are any.
Make sure you have a meningitis vaccination.
Write your name, address and phone number on your bags and suitcases that you will use for Hajj.
Make sure you read several times the book named Guidebook for Hajj and Umrah given to you by your company. To access the books, you can visit the ”Free Guidebooks” page under the “Media” menu.
Before the journey, make sure you take with you the Holy Quran and the Guidebook for Hajj and Umrah given to you.
Make sure you take your ID card with you
Your maximum baggage weight must be 30 kg. The weight of your handbag mustn’t exceed 8 kg.
You can take with you enough money in TL (Turkish Lira) for your personal needs there. TL will apply there but you can get SAR (Saudi Arabian Riyal) from the exchange offices when you get there.
Be ready at the airport at the specified time.
Do not forget to pay 15 TL of departure fee.
When you arrive at the airport, pick up the relevant documents from the officials. (Passport etc.)
Never put your passport and Umrah identification card in your luggage …
Hand in your luggage in the luggage compartment.
Place your baggage-claim tag and boarding pass in your handbag.
The entire control from the Saudi Arabia airport to the hotel is in the Saudi government. Don’t forget this.
Please follow your group teacher’s instructions and do not leave your group.
There may be problems due to Saudi law at check-in and check-out at the airports, therefore there may be waiting. Try to be patient.
Let us not forget that the worship of Hajj is toilsome worship.
Some of the many wisdoms of Hajj being obligatory are: It is a way for providing the dignity of Islam, the unity and the brotherhood of the Muslims. Muslims who have come from all sides and gathered benefit from each other a lot. Pilgrimage is the most useful and holiest travel. An enormous mass that has gathered, removed of the worldly dress, dressed in white ihram, is a sample from the judgement day. The pilgrimage contains mortifying the flesh. Each pilgrim is a self-sacrificing Muslim, who has separated from his family and friends, abandoned his pleasures, faced up to some kinds of trouble and suffering. Arafat is a sample of Arasat. Saluting the Hajar al Aswad (the Black Stone) means the renew of the vow on the day of agreement. The mystery “Die before you die.” is revealed in Hajj. “A large community forms in Hajj. The Islamic world learn each other’s states and help each other in favour and piousness. While a tribe learns many lessons from the other and gains wisdom, it grows spiritually stronger by the multitude of Muslim brothers and their efforts in the world.
Meaning: “Indeed, the first House [of worship] established for mankind was that at Mecca—blessed and guidance for the worlds. In it are clear signs [such as] the standing place of Ibrahim. Whoever enters there shall be safe (from attack). And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House—for whoever is able to find thereto a way. But whoever disbelieves—then indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds. Hajj (pilgrimage), which is a turning point in terms of the world life and the Hereafter life, when is performed sincerely and honestly, conduces to obtain high degrees in the sight of Hazrat Allah and brings to person to perfection in every respect. Indeed, the Prophet (pbuh)stated:
Beyt-i Mamur : Kaabah of the Angels.
Masjid Al Haram:Hajj : to visit the special place at a particular time by the special action.
Hajj al ifrad: Hajj performed without Umrah.
Hajj al Tamattu : Performing hajj and umrah with separate ihrams in the hajj months of the same year.
Hajj al Qiran: Performing hajj and umrah together with one ihram. Hajj months: Shawwal, Zilqad and the first ten days of Zulhijja.
The Rites of Hajj : the actions of Hajj; the obligations, requirements and sunnahs of Hajj.
Hajj al Mabrur : he accepted hajj performed by dining people, speaking nice and not committing sins. The sign of it is coming back from Hajj being more auspicial than the current state and not returning to sins.
Umrah :Ihram : It consists of intention and talbiyah (accepting the call from Allah and saying “O Allah, I am in your disposal.”) and that is entering the Haram by intending either for Hajj or for Umrah and both according to Qiran.
İzar : the cover like loincloth held down the waist
Rida : Towel or suchlike cover like loincloth covered from shoulder
“Lebbeyk. (Here I am at thy service.) Allahummah lebbeyk. (O Lord, here I am at thy service.) Lebbeyke la şerike leke lebbeyk. innel-hamde vennimeteleke vel-mulk. (Here I am at Thy service and Thou hast no partners. Thine alone is All Praise and All Bounty, and Thine alone is The Sovereignty. Thou hast no partners.”
“La ilahe illa’llahu vahdehu la şerike leh, lehu’l-mulku ve lehu’l-hamdu ve huve ala kulli şey’in kadir.”
“La havle vela kuvvete illa billahi’l-aliyyi’l-azim”.
Hateem : The semi-circular wall in the north of the Kaabah.
Hijr : The part of the Kaabah surrounded by Hatim. Because it is taken as a part of the Kaabah circumambulation is performed out of Hatim.
Hajar al Aswad : Multazam : Between the corner where Hajar al Aswad has been put and the Door of the Kaabah. It is one of the places where prayers are acceptable.
Makam Ibrahim: It is a blessed stone on which the footprints of Ibrahim (pbuh) are seen clearly.
Mizabur Rahmah: The Golden waterspout.
Zamzam : The holy water extracted by Jibril (pbuh)
Shawt : Walking around the Kaabah once.
Tawaf : Rounding the Kaabah al Muazzamah seven times. That is to say, seven shawt is one tawaf.
Tawaf al Kudum : the tawaf performed on arriving in Mecca al Mukarramah. This tawaf is sunnah for the outcomers (comers from out of Mecca).
Tawaf al Ifazah : he obligatory tawaf performed after descending from the Arafat.
Tawaf al Sader (Veda Tavafı): the required tawaf for the outcomers performed before leaving Mecca al Mukarramah. The Hajj actions are completed with this.
Izdibah : Throwing one end of the shawl on the left shoulder by passing it under the right armpit, before beginning the tawaf at the end of which the sa’i is. So, the right shoulder and arm are left out of ihram. It is sunnah for men in every shawt of the tawafs after which comes sa’i.
Istilam : When starting the tawaf and during the tawaf, at every coming to the level of Hajar al Aswad turning, raising both hands to ear level as if starting for the prayer, saying “Bismillahi Allahu Ekber, la ilahe illallahu vallahü ekber” and putting a hand on Hajar al Aswad and
kissing it. If this is not possible, saluting with hand signal from distance and kissing the palm of the right hand.
Remel : Walking fast and pompously by shortening the steps and shaking the shoulders in the first three shawts in izdibah. In the other four shawts walking is normal.
Safa and Marwa: Two hills with a 350 m distance from each other in the east of the Masjid al-Haram, where sa’i is performed.
Sa’i : It consists of seven shawts being four in the direction from Safa to Marwa and three in the direction from Marwa to Safa. Sa’i, is one of the requirements (vajib) of hajj and umrah.
Harwala: Running of men between two green poles at each there and back between Safa and Marwa.
Wakfah : Being in Arafat even though it is for a moment from after the dhuhr (noon) prayer on the eve of Eid al Adha till dawn (fajr) breaks on the day of Eid al Adha. There is also the Muzdalifah Wakfah, which is performed by being within the borders of Muzdalifah between the pre-dawn and the sunrise on the first day of Eid al Adha.
Arafat : It is a place in the south-east of Mecca al Mukarramah in six-hour (25 km) distance on foot. The Arafat wakfah, which is one of the elements of Hajj, is performed there.
Muzdalifah : It is the name of a region within Harem boundaries between Mina and Arafat.
Mes’ar al Haram: It is the Kuzah hill in Muzdalifah. Now there is a masjid on it.
Mina : It is a place between Kaabah and Muzdalifah within the boundaries of the Harem. It is in 6.5 km distance fom the Masjid al-Haram. The jamrahs (the places to stone the devil) are in Mina.
Jamrah : Small stone or pile of small stones.
Jamrah al Ula: It is the one on the Mina side.
Jamrah al Vustah: The second jamrah.
Jamrah al Aqabah: The jamrah on the side of Mecca al Mukarramah. In the common language, the jamrahs are called “the little devil, the middle devil, the big devil” respectively.
Remy al Jimar: Throwing small stones to the jamrahs.
Hedy : It is the sacrifice related to Hajj offered in the Haram region and it is sunnah to do it in Mina.
Udhiyyah : The sacrifice the slaughter of which is vajib (required) on Eid al Adha for those who have certain conditions.
Murder : Acts and behaviors in hajj that require punishment.
Dem : The sacrifice in species of sheep and goat
Badanah : The sacrifice in species of camel and cattle.
Haram : Mecca al Mukarramah and the surrounding areas. Its boundaries are determined and signposts are erected.
Hill : They are the places between the haram and the miqat.
Miqat: The places specified for ihram and it is inappropriate to pass without ihram.
Mekki : They are residents of Miqat.
Afaki : Those who come to Mecca from out of Miqat.
Ayyam al Tashreek: They are the eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth days of Zilhijj. They are called tashreek days because tashreek takbeers are said on those days.
Ihram: It consists of intention and talbiyah and that is entering the Haram by intending either for Hajj or for Umrah and both according to Qiran. The two part cover, rida and izar, with what men wrap themselves up is called ihram colloquially. (ihram of women is their normal clothing) It is to make some mubahs (licit deeds) haram to perform hajj and umrah. (Inayah v.2, p.429)
The secret and virtue of entering ihram: by getting rid of the clothes which are ornaments of the world, thinking about birth and the resurrection of the dead, the place of the last judgement day, the doomsday, the balance and attaining the prosperity of God being pure. Without ihram hajj and umrah cannot be performed.
The person to enter ihram first clips nails, cleans armpit and pubic hair, if necessary shaves hair and beard, trims moustache. If possible he performs full ablution. If he can’t perform full ablution, he only performs ablution. The full ablution to be performed before entering ihram is sunnat al muakkadah (strong/reinforced sunnah).
This full ablution is for the material cleansing, not for spiritual purification. In this respect, women who are having period or postnatal bleeding can also perform full ablution. After full ablution a nice perfume which does not leave color or trace on the body is put on. The body is covered only with izar and rida.
The head is left open and the feet are left bare. However, slippers which are open on the top and at the heels can be worn. After wrapping himself up in izar and rida, the person performs a two rakat prayer: He recites the Surah al Kafirun afer the Fatiha al Sharifah at the first rakat, the Surah al Ikhlas after Fatiha al Sharifah at the second rakat. After the prayer, he turns to qibla and intends for Hajj or Umrah whichever he wishes to intend for. (If he is proxy he says “on behalf of this person”) three times without a break:
“Lebbeyk, Allahumme lebbeyk, lebbeyke la sharike leke lebbeyk. Innel-hamde ve’n-ni‘mete leke ve’l-mulk. La sharike lek.” says Talbiyah and after that he recites takbir and Salavat-i Shariff. Thus, ihram is entered. Now along the way talbiyah, lots of salavat to our Prophet are said, prayers are said and tasbih and tahleel are said. After fardh prayers, many talbiyahs are said. Saying talbiyahs loud is mustahab (recommended/favoured/virtuous) for men. Women say them without raising their voices.
To exit ihram, men either shave their hair with a razor, or shorten at least one-quarter of their hair (1.5-2 inches) as much as their fingertips. Shaving the head is superior to shortening it. Women do not shave, they shorten their hair 1-2 cm from the hair ends. So they exit ihram.
There are particular places to enter ihram. These are called “Place of Miqat”. Outcomers who want to reach Baytullah, has to be in ihram to show respect the Kaabah al Muazzamah and has to enter ihram at the place of Miqat. In terms of miqat, there are three types of people:
1- The Outcomers: Those coming from out of miqat places.
2- The people of Hill : Those residing between miqat places and haram.
3- The people of Haram : Those residing in Makkah and around.
LICIT ACTS OF IHRAM
1- Getting blood drawn
2- Scratching head or any part of the body without picking any hair.
3- Washing up, using scentless soap.
4- Sheltering under a tree, house or a tent to protect from heat, carrying an umbrella without touching the head.
5- Wearing belts, girding on weapons, wearing rings and watches, tinging with odorless kohl.
6- Wearing open heel and open top shoes.
7- Having tooth pulled out, having vaccinated.
8- Putting a pisece of clothing such as coat or jacket on the shoulder without putting on the sleeves.
9- Covering the body parts other than face and head with a quilt, blanket or any other cover.
VAJIBS (REQUIREMENTS) OF IHRAM
1- Entering ihram before passing the miqat border.
2- Avoiding the prohibitions of ihram
18 Tirmidhi, Hajj, 14/828.
SUNNAHS OF IHRAM
1- Cleaning armpit hair and pubic hair, clipping nails and putting on nice perfume before entering ihram.
2- Performing full ablution or performing ablution before entering ihram.
3- For men, wrapping himself up with a two-piece cover called izar and rida.
4- Performing a two rakat ihram prayer after intending for ihram, if it is not kerahat time.
5- Saying talbiyah at every opportunity while being in ihram.
6- Repeating talbiyah three times.
7- Saying tashreek takbeer, salavat al sharifah, prayer after talbiyah.
MUSTAHABS (recommended/favoured/virtuous) OF IHRAM
1- Intending the full ablution for ihram.
2- Having white, new and clean ihram
3- Wearing pattens or slippers similar to pattens
4- Using meswak
5- Combing hair
6- Trimming moustaches in compliance with the sunnah
CONDITIONS OF IHRAM BEING SOUND
2- Saying talbiyah or prayer replacing talbiyah
Rasulullah (pbuh) stated: “There is no Muslim who says the Talbiyah except that – on his right and left, until the end of the land, from here to there – the rocks, or trees, or hard soil say the Talbiyah.”
One enters ihram by intending for hajj or umrah and saying talbiyah. And some deeds and behaviours are prohibited to him until he exits ihram. These harams are called prohibitions of ihram.
A- Prohibitions about his own body of the person in ihram:
1- Putting on perfume,
2- Using scented soap,
3- Shaving, trimming moustache,
4- Applying henna, using materials such as lipstick and nail polish in order to prink up,
5- Clipping nails,
6- Plucking or cutting hair from any part of the body.
7- Plucking or shaving pubic hair and arm pit hair.
B- Prohibitions (for men) related to clothing:
1- Wearing a cap or turban on the head,
2- Wearing sewed clothing such as trousers, coat, shirt.
3- Wearing socks, gloves or shoes with closed top and heel.
C- Sexual Prohibitions:
1- Having sexual intercourse,
2- Kissing and dallying with each other,
3- Having language, actions and behaviours that can lead to sexual intercourse
D- Prohibition of the actions damaging others:
2- Quarreling and struggling,
3- Swearing, insulting, breaking heart.
E- Prohibitions related to the Haram region:
1- Plucking, pruning, crushing green herbs and trees that naturally grow,
2- Killing harmless animals. (Muhit-i Burhani, 2/458.)
F- Prohibitions related to hunting land animals:
1- Hunting all kinds of land animals, whether its flesh is eaten or not,
2- Helping the hunter even though by signalling
3- Damaging game animals.
Women are like men except for the following issues related to ihram.
Women are like men except for the following issues related to ihram.
1- They may wear all kinds of sewed dresses, gloves, socks and mests. They may cover their heads but they must leave their faces uncovered.
2- They don’t raise their voices at talbiyah.
3- They don’t perform remel in tawaf and harvalah in sa’i.
4- They don’t buzzcut hair but shorten it.
5- If there is congestion they salute Hajar al Aswad from distance without kissing it. They avoid men goups. They don’t perform prayer near Makam al Ibrahim when in times of congestion.
6- They don’t have to offer sacrifice because they quit the farewell tawaf or delay the visit tawaf because of having period and post-natal bleeding. (Commentary on Lubab p.78)
Tawaf is walking around the Kaabah seven times starting from the corner where the Hajar al Aswad is by taking the Kaabah on our left. Walking around the Kaabah once is called shawt. 7 shawts make one tawaf. Each shawt is performed in the same way. The difference between is in determining the intention. In this regard, the person to perform tawaf determines the type of tawaf by his intention. Visit Tawaf: It is the fardh (compulsory) tawaf which is one of the elements of Hajj. Performing time is from the dawn break of the first day of eid al adha to the end of the day. However, it is vajib (obligatory) to perform this tawaf within the days of the eid-al-adha (until before the sunset of the third day). If left after the third day, the penalty sacrifice is (vajib) obligatory. If it is entirely left, Hajj is spoiled and becomes invalid.
1. Spiritual Purification (performing ritual ablution of the whole body if one is [junub] ritually impure, performing ablution if one is impure).
2. Covering the body.
3. If not disabled, to perform tawaf on foot.
4. Starting the tawaf from al-Hajar-al-Aswad or its alignment.
5. Performing the tawaf by taking the Kaabah on the left and proceeding counter-clockwise.
6. Performing the tawaf outside Hatim.
7. Performing a two rakat prayer when the tawaf is done.
8. Complete the tawaf in seven shawts.
9. Performing the tawaf al ziyyarah on the bairam days. The abandonment of one of the obligations of tawaf requires punishment. If tawaf is performed again there will be no punishment.
1. Removal of filth
2. Coming to the level of Hajar al Aswad from Yemen side of the Kaabah at the beginning of tawaf.
3. Kissing or touching or saluting by hand the Hajar al Aswad at the beginning of tawaf and at the end of each shawt.
4. For men, performing iztibah and remel in the tawafs the end of which contains sa’i.
5. Performing shawts without break.
6. Keeping oneself busy with dhikr, takbir, tahlil and prayer during tawaf.
7. Performing the tawaf al ziyyarah on the first day of the bairam.
8. Raising hands while saying “Bismillahi Allahü ekber” in the face of Hajar al Aswad at the beginning of tawaf. It is reprehensible to abandon the sunnahs of tawaf without excuse.
But even though it is abandoned without excuse, it does not require penalty.
One intends for whichever tawaf to be performed. One comes to the place where the Hajar al Aswad is from Yemen side of the Kaabah. If possible, al-Hajar-al-Aswad is kissed with takbir and tahlil. If not possible, one turns to al-Hajar-al-Aswad and by saying “Bismillahi Allahu ekber” he salutes it with right hand and kisses the plam of the right hand. Then, takbir, tahlil and salavat are said. No talbiyah is said during the tawaf. After istilam one starts the tawaf by takin the Kaabah to the left. Every turn is one shawt. Seven shawts make one tawaf.
Prayers, salavats, takbeers and tahleels are said at the door of the Kaabah and at each of the elements. Tawaf is performed outside of Hateem. Arriving at Rukn al Yemani (Yemen side of the Kaabah), one touches it with hand or salutes but does not kiss the hand. Arriving at al-Hajar al-Aswad istilam (saluting by hand and kissing the palm of the hand) is repeated. So, the first shawt is completed. Ladies do not raise their voice at prayer, takbir and tahlil. They perform their tawaf in the most unfrequented places. After the tawaf is completed, a two rakat tawaf prayer is performed, if possible, at Makam al Ibrahim , if not, in a convenient place of the Masjid al Haram, except for the kerahat times. This prayer is obligatory. Surat al Kafirun is recited in the first rakat and Surat al Ikhlas in the second rakat.
The Tawaf prayer is not performed in kerahat times. After the fardh (compulsory part) of the evening prayer, first the tawaf prayer and after that the sunnah part of the evening prayer are performed. After the tawaf prayer, one turns to Kaabah al Muazzamah, drinks lots of zamzam and say prayers sincerely and earnestly.
Sa’y is one of the requirements of Hajj and Umrah, and it is shuttling between Safa and Marwa seven times. Allah Taalah made sa’y obligatory for everbody performing hajj or umrah in memory of the obedience and faithfulness of our mother Hajar.
1. Performing the sa’y by walking (the sick,the elderly and the disabled may take the car).
2. Completing the sa’y in seven shawts.
1. Starting the sa’y without giving a break when the tawaf is completed.
2. Removing of filth
3. Ritual Purity
4. Saluting Hajar al Aswad by hand signal on the way to Sa’y.
5. Climbing to the spots on Safa and Marwa hills from where the Kaabah can be seen, in every shawt.
6. Saying takbeer, tahleel and prayer on Safa and Marwa by turning to the Kaabah.
7. For men, doing “hervele” between the two green poles, walking slowly in the other parts.
8. Performing all the shawts without having a break.
9. Keeping oneself busy with dhikr, takbir, tahlil and prayer during the sa’y..
One goes to Safa and intends after saluting Hajar al Aswad. When he goes up Safa hill, he turns to the Baytullah. He raises hands as in the prayer. He gives thanks to God and praises Him. To repeat takbir three times. He says Tahleel. He says Salavat al Sharifah. After praying for himself and for the Muslims, he walks slowly towards Marwa saying prayers. When he comes to the green pole he does ‘Hervele’ and runs till the second green pole. He prays between the two green poles like this:
After the second green pole, he walks normally. When he arrives in Marwa, he turns to the Baytullah. As in Safa, takbir, dhikr and prayers are said. Thus, the first shawt of the sa’y is completed. In the same way, when seven shawts, being four rounds from Safa to Marwa and three turns from Marwa to Safa, are performed the sa’y is completed. It is mustahab (recommended, favoured, virtuous) to perform a two rakat prayer in Masjid-al Haram after the sa’y. No prayer is performed in Marwa.